Bounding open space risk with decoupling autoencoders in open set recognition

One-vs-Rest (OVR) classification aims to distinguish a single class of interest (COI) from other classes. The concept of novelty detection and robustness to dataset shift becomes crucial in OVR when the scope of the rest class is extended from the classes observed during training to unseen and possibly unrelated classes, a setting referred to as open set recognition (OSR). In this work, we propose a novel architecture, namely decoupling autoencoder (DAE), which provides a proven upper bound on the open space risk and minimizes open space risk via a dedicated training routine. Our method is benchmarked within three different scenarios, each isolating different aspects of OSR, namely plain classification, outlier detection, and dataset shift. The results conclusively show that DAE achieves robust performance across all three tasks. This level of cross-task robustness is not observed for any of the seven potent baselines from the OSR, OVR, outlier detection, and ensembling domain which, apart from ATA (Lübbering et al., From imbalanced classification to supervised outlier detection problems: adversarially trained auto encoders. In: Artificial neural networks and machine learning—ICANN 2020, 2020), tend to fail on either one of the tasks. Similar to DAE, ATA is based on autoencoders and facilitates the reconstruction error to predict the inlierness of a sample. However unlike DAE, it does not provide any uncertainty scores and therefore lacks rudimentary means of interpretation. Our adversarial robustness and local stability results further support DAE’s superiority in the OSR setting, emphasizing its applicability in safety-critical systems.

  • Published in:
    International Journal of Data Science and Analytics
  • Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Lübbering, Max; Gebauer, Michael; Ramamurthy, Rajkumar; Bauckhage, Christian; Sifa, Rafet
  • Year:
    2022

Citation information

Lübbering, Max; Gebauer, Michael; Ramamurthy, Rajkumar; Bauckhage, Christian; Sifa, Rafet: Bounding open space risk with decoupling autoencoders in open set recognition, International Journal of Data Science and Analytics, 2022, 14, 351--373, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s41060-022-00342-z, Luebbering.etal.2022a,

Associated Lamarr Researchers

lamarr institute person Bauckhage Christian - Lamarr Institute for Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Prof. Dr. Christian Bauckhage

Director to the profile
Prof. Dr. Rafet Sifa

Prof. Dr. Rafet Sifa

Principal Investigator Hybrid ML to the profile