Hierarchical Approach for Joint Semantic, Plant Instance, and Leaf Instance Segmentation in the Agricultural Domain

Plant phenotyping is a central task in agriculture, as it describes plants’ growth stage, development, and other relevant quantities. Robots can help automate this process by accurately estimating plant traits such as the number of leaves, leaf area, and the plant size. In this paper, we address the problem of joint semantic, plant instance, and leaf instance segmentation of crop fields from RGB data. We propose a single convolutional neural network that addresses the three tasks simultaneously, exploiting their underlying hierarchical structure. We introduce task-specific skip connections, which our experimental evaluation proves to be more beneficial than the usual schemes. We also propose a novel automatic post-processing, which explicitly addresses the problem of spatially close instances, common in the agricultural domain because of overlapping leaves. Our architecture simultaneously tackles these problems jointly in the agricultural context. Previous works either focus on plant or leaf segmentation, or do not optimise for semantic segmentation. Results show that our system has superior performance compared to state-of-the-art approaches, while having a reduced number of parameters and is operating at camera frame rate.

  • Published in:
    IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
  • Type:
    Inproceedings
  • Authors:
    Roggiolani, Gianmarco; Sodano, Matteo; Guadagnino, Tiziano; Magistri, Federico; Behley, Jens; Stachniss, Cyrill
  • Year:
    2023

Citation information

Roggiolani, Gianmarco; Sodano, Matteo; Guadagnino, Tiziano; Magistri, Federico; Behley, Jens; Stachniss, Cyrill: Hierarchical Approach for Joint Semantic, Plant Instance, and Leaf Instance Segmentation in the Agricultural Domain, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2023, https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/10160918, Roggiolani.etal.2023a,

Associated Lamarr Researchers

lamarr institute person Stachniss Cyrill e1663922306234 - Lamarr Institute for Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Prof. Dr. Cyrill Stachniss

Principal Investigator Embodied AI to the profile