Switching Dynamical Systems with Deep Neural Networks

Author: C. Ojeda, B. Georgiev, K. Cvejoski, J. Schuecker, C. Bauckhage, R. Sanchez
Journal: 2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR)
Year: 2021

Citation information

C. Ojeda, B. Georgiev, K. Cvejoski, J. Schuecker, C. Bauckhage, R. Sanchez,
2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR),
2021,
6305-6312,
IEEE,
Milan, Italy,
https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPR48806.2021.9412566

The problem of uncovering different dynamical regimes is of pivotal importance in time series analysis. Switching dynamical systems provide a solution for modeling physical phenomena whose time series data exhibit different dynamical modes. In this work we propose a novel variational RNN model for switching dynamics allowing for both non-Markovian and nonlinear dynamical behavior between and within dynamic modes. Attention mechanisms are provided to inform the switching distribution. We evaluate our model on synthetic and empirical datasets of diverse nature and successfully uncover different dynamical regimes and predict the switching dynamics.