Decoupling Autoencoders for Robust One-vs-Rest Classification

Author: M. Lübbering, M. Gebauer, R. Ramamurthy, C. Bauckhage, R. Sifa
Journal: 2021 IEEE 8th International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA)
Year: 2021

Citation information

M. Lübbering, M. Gebauer, R. Ramamurthy, C. Bauckhage, R. Sifa,
2021 IEEE 8th International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA),
2021,
1-10,
IEEE,
Porto, Portugal,
https://doi.org/10.1109/DSAA53316.2021.9564136

One-vs-Rest (OVR) classification aims to distinguish a single class of interest from other classes. The concept of novelty detection and robustness to dataset shift becomes crucial in OVR when the scope of the rest class extends from the classes observed during training to unseen and possibly unrelated classes. In this work, we propose a novel architecture, namely Decoupling Autoencoder (DAE) to tackle the common issue of robustness w.r.t. out-of-distribution samples which is prevalent in classifiers such as multi-layer perceptrons (MLP) and ensemble architectures. Experiments on plain classification, outlier detection, and dataset shift tasks show DAE to achieve robust performance across these tasks compared to the baselines, which tend to fail completely, when exposed to dataset shift. While DAE and the baselines yield rather uncalibrated predictions on the outlier detection and dataset shift task, we found that DAE calibration is more stable across all tasks. Therefore, calibration measures applied to the classification task could also improve the calibration of the outlier detection and dataset shift scenarios for DAE.